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高二年级英语过去分词作宾补知识点

  英语过去分词作宾补知识点英语中过去分词可作宾补,(此时的过去分词一般是及物动词)表被动意义或完成意义,有时两者兼而有之。做宾补的过去分词与宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词动作的对象。如:

  She found the door broken in when she came back.(宾补与宾语有被动的关系,表一种状态。)

  一. 过去分词用在表状态的动词keep,leave等的后面。

  Eg:They kept the door locked for a long time.

  Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open.(谚语:少说多看)

  Don't leave such an important thing undone.

  Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.

  二.过分词用在get,have,make, 的后面。

  1.注意“have +宾语+过去分词”的两种情况:

  A)表"让某人做某事/让某事(被人)做"

  eg: I have had my bike repaired.

  The villagers had many trees planted just then.

  B)表"遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受....影响,蒙受..... 损失"

  Eg:I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

  The old man had his leg broken in the accident.

  He had his leg broken in the match yesterday.(MET1986)

  2."make+宾语+过去分词",在这种结构中,过去分词的动词必须是表示结果含义的。如:

  They managed to make themselves understood in very simple English.

  I raised my voice to make myself heard.

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