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高中英语的句式的复习详解

  一、陈述句,_表示结果的三种结构。

  making,killing,injuring型。

  makes/ killed/ injured型。

  which makes/ killed型。

  二、倒装句

  完全倒装:将整个谓语移至主语前面(介词短语,时间副词,地点副词等等置于句首)。

  1,There be 句型及其变体

  eg:There comes the bus。

  2,某些副词在句首且句子主语是名词

  地点副词,there,here等等。

  eg:Here are my replies to your questions。

  Here comes the bus。

  There goes the bell。

  时间副词,then,now等等

  eg:Then came to time to part。

  Now comes your turn.。

  方位副词,in,out, up, down, away, off, back等等。

  eg:In comes Mr.smith.

  Out went the children.

  Away ran the frightened tiger.

  Down flew the eagle to seize the chicken..

  3,介词短语放在句首(充当地点状语)

  eg:From the valley came a frightening sound.

  South of the city lies a big steel factory.

  4,作表语的adj,过去分词,现在分词在句首

  eg:Happy is he who has a sound mind in a sound body.(快了属于这样的人,有健康的体魄和强有力的头脑。)

  Seated on the ground are a group of young people.

  部分倒装:将助动词,系动词,情态动词放在主语前面。

  1,only、only when、only if等等。

  eg:Only when he told me did I realize it.

  Only by working hard can me make it.(make it “做成功”的意思)

  2,否定,半否定词位于句首。

  3,____,so/ nither/ nor。

  4,so/ such ……that型。

  eg:Such a clever boy is he that……

  5,虚拟语句的变形

  If sb should V = Should sb V

  If sb were to V= were sb to V

  6,几个特别句型

  If it were not for=Were it not for

  If it had not been for=Had not been for

  Not……nutill,+倒装句

  adj +a +n(名词)+倒装

  eg:How clever a boy he is。

  三、让步状语从句

  1,adj/ adv/ n+as/though+主语+谓语型(尽管……)

  注意:句首名词不带冠词。

  Eg:Scientist as he is,he remains modest.

  2,No matter how /However+adv /adj+S+V型

  Eg:However difficult compute science is,I will try my best.

  四、祈使句(下划线为常考知识点)

  1,V(原型)开头,will you?

  2,祈使句……,or/and you will……

  3,祈使句的回答 肯定回答:Yes,I will.

  否定回答:No,I will not.

  五、强调句型

  1,强调句基本结构:It is+___+that型

  2,强调句疑问句:Is it +___+that型

  3,What/why/where+be it that……型

  4,It is not until……that……型

  注意:强调句的完整性(从句必有引导词,状语要有介词连接)。

  以下是几个例子:

  Eg:It is in this classroom that we had the Mid-autumn party.

  It is because his father was in danger that he was very worried.

  What is it that makes you so unhappy.

  It was not until I made so many mistakes that I realize he was right.

  ★特别提醒一个转换句式

  I did not realize he was right until I made so many mistakes.

  →Not until I made so many mistakes did I realize he was right.

  →It was not until I made so many mistakes that I realize he was right.

  六、How come……?=How it come about?(何以如此?为什么会发生这样的事情呢?)

  七、So what? 那又怎么样?

  八、What if ……?倘若又……?

  九、Where there be……,there be…….(eg:Where there is a will,there is a way.)

  十、The reason why……is that ……

  Sweet spring, full of sweet days and roses.美妙的春天,充满了美好的日子和芳香的玫瑰。

  A true friend is someone who reaches for your hand and touches your heart.

  真正的朋友是一个可以援助并感动你的心扉的人。

  Lose not a chance to waken love. 别失去唤醒爱的良机。

  Let the more loving one be me. 让我成为更有爱心的人。

  It’s easy to be tolerant if you do not care. 如果你不在乎,便很容易宽容。

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