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小升初英语语法复习要点讲解和练习 将来时

将来时理论及练习


  一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。


  二、基本结构:①be going to + do;


  ②will+ do.


  三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。


  例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.


  四、一般疑问句: be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换。


  例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?


  五、对划线部分提问。一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。


  1. 问人。Who 例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.


  2. 问干什么。What … do.例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this


  afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.


  3. 问什么时候。When.例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?


  六、同义句:be going to = will


  I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow.


  填空


  1.   我打算明天和朋友去野炊。


  I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.


  I ________ have a picnic with my friends.


  2.   下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。


  What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday?


  I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.


  What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.


  3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。


  _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?


  Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.


  4. 你们打算什么时候见面。


  What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?


  改句子。


  5. Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)


  Nancy ________ going to go camping.


  6. I’ll go and join them.(改否定)


  I _______ go ______ join them.


  7. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)


  ________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?


  8. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)


  _______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.


  9. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)


  ________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?


  10. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)


  _________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.


  用所给词的适当形式填空。


  11. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.


  12. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.


  13. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.


  14. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?


  15. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.


  16. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.


  17. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.


  18. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.


  19. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.


  20. I ________________ (plan) for my study now.

 


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